History Podcasts

Tide AM-126 - History

Tide AM-126 - History

(AM-126: dp. 890, 1. 221'2", b. 32'2", dr. 10'9"; s. 18.1 k., cpl. 105, a. 2 3", 4 20mm., 2 dct., 4 dcp.,1 dcp. (hh.); cl. Auk)

Tide (AM-126) was laid down on 16 March 1942 at Savannah, Gal, by the Savannah Machinery and Foundry Company, launched on 7 September 1942, sponsored by Mrs. Ruth Hangs, and commissioned on 9 May 1943, Lt. Comdr. Alvin Robinson, USNR, in command.

Following shakedown training out of Key West and Norfolk, Tide got underway from Hampton Roads for her first transatlantic voyage. On 17 July, as she steamed in convoy for North Africa, the minesweeper collided with an infantry landing craft, LC1-267, which she had just provisioned. Damage to the sweeper included sprung plates and two minor hull punctures which were repaired at sea. Tide arrived at Casablanca on 18 July and was soon on her way again escorting a convoy bound for American ports.

During the homeward voyage on 29 July, a sonar contact prompted Tide to drop depth charges on what she thought was an enemy submarine. Although a later search revealed an oil slick, no submarine sinking was confirmed.

Following her arrival at New York on 9 August, Tide operated on the Eastern Sea Frontier until 30 September. In October and November, she made another successful Atlantic crossing, returning to New York on 25 November 1943.

During December, Tide participated in exercises off the Maine coast and conducted mine warfare training off Yorktown. Convoy duties in the waters of the Eastern Sea Frontier and the Caribbean occupied her during January 1944. On the 25th, Tide got underway again for what was to be her longest convoy escort assignment. Departing Charleston, she steamed, via Bermuda and the Azores, for the United Kingdom.

Tide completed this voyage at Milford Haven harbor, England, on 10 March and spent the remainder of the month operating out of Falmouth. In April and May, she escorted convoys in British coastal waters and engaged in exercises with minesweepers of the Royal Navy in preparation for the invasion of Europe. In the last week of May, Tide made sweeps out of Babbacombe Bay.

On 5 June, Tide got underway from Tor Bay with Minesweeper Squadron "A," a unit assigned to the "Utah" area. Later that day, German mines began to take their toll as Osprey (AM-56), a squadron member, went down. As the day wore on, Tide swept channels off the Normandy beaches for fire-support ships and continued sweeps the next day, D-day. During the night of 6 and 7 June, she joined other vessels in guarding Carentan Estuary to prevent the sally of enemy E-boats.

On the morning of 7 June, Tide swept the area inshore and between St. Marcauf and Barfleur to clear lanes for fire-support ships. At 0940, while recovering her gear, Tide drifted over the Cardonet Banks and struck a mine which exploded with such force that she was lifted out of the water. The explosion broke her back, blasted a tremendous hole in her bottom, and tore away all bulkheads below the waterline causing immediate and irreversible flooding.

Tide's commanding officer, Lt. Allard B. Heywood, USNR, died soon after the initial explosion, and Lt. George Crane, the ship's executive officer, directed efforts to assist the stricken vessel and to rescue survivors. Threat (AM-124) and Pheasant (AM-61) tried to aid Tide, but the ship was beyond saving. When Swift (AM-122) attempted to tow the damaged ship to the beach, the strain broke her in two. She sank only minutes after the last survivors had been taken off

Her name was struck from the Navy list on 29 July 1944.

Tide received one battle star for World War II service.

USS Token (AM-126)

USS Token (AM-126) was an Auk-class minesweeper acquired by the United States Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing.

Token was laid down on 21 July 1941 at Chickasaw, Alabama, by the Gulf Shipbuilding Corporation launched on 28 March 1942 sponsored by Mrs. Charles Hunt Ross and commissioned on 31 December 1942, with Lt. Comdr. William H. Harrison, USNR, in command.

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7 Tide is a one-of-a-kind building.

When you visit 7 Tide, you are stepping inside a space that has long been synonymous with specialized craftsmanship. 7 Tide, built in 1943, was originally known as The Riggers and Sail Loft Building in Boston, owned by the U.S. Navy Yard.

When you visit, you will find yourself adjacent to Boston's Dry Dock #3, a facility actively repairing ships, primarily for the U.S Navy, United States Maritime Service and Military Sealift Command. In August of 1992, when Cunard's Queen Elizabeth 2 ran aground in Nantucket Sound, she was brought to Dry Dock #3, the only dry dock in New England large enough to accommodate her for repairs. When you visit, you may enjoy the sight of a ship towering above the 7 Tide parking lot, a constant reminder of this building's maritime history.

Since Tom and Sean Clarke purchased the structure in 2014, they have been delighted to continuously learn of the unique history of the building. If you look up into the ceilings inside 7 Tide, you'll glimpse massive Douglas Fir timbers. Forestry experts have confirmed these were crafted from trees no longer found on our planet. With that knowledge, and a respect for both unique materials and superior craftsmanship, the Clarke family has made sure that these and other historical characteristics have been preserved as they reimagined what 7 Tide could bring to Boston's most innovative neighborhood.

“Have you no sense of decency?” Sen. Joseph McCarthy is asked in hearing

In a dramatic confrontation, Joseph Welch, special counsel for the U.S. Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether communism has infiltrated the U.S. armed forces. Welch’s verbal assault marked the end of McCarthy’s power during the anticommunist hysteria of the Red Scare in America.

Senator McCarthy (R-Wisconsin) experienced a meteoric rise to fame and power in the U.S. Senate when he charged in February 1950 that “hundreds” of “known communists” were in the Department of State. In the years that followed, McCarthy became the acknowledged leader of the so-called Red Scare, a time when millions of Americans became convinced that communists had infiltrated every aspect of American life. Behind closed-door hearings, McCarthy bullied, lied, and smeared his way to power, destroying many careers and lives in the process. Prior to 1953, the Republican Party tolerated his antics because his attacks were directed against the Democratic administration of Harry S. Truman. 

When Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower entered the White House in 1953, however, McCarthy’s recklessness and increasingly erratic behavior became unacceptable and the senator saw his clout slowly ebbing away. In a last-ditch effort to revitalize his anticommunist crusade, McCarthy made a crucial mistake. He charged in early 1954 that the U.S. Army was “soft” on communism. As Chairman of the Senate Government Operations Committee, McCarthy opened hearings into the Army.

Joseph N. Welch, a soft-spoken lawyer with an incisive wit and intelligence, represented the Army. During the course of weeks of hearings, Welch blunted every one of McCarthy’s charges. The senator, in turn, became increasingly enraged, bellowing “point of order, point of order,” screaming at witnesses, and declaring that one highly decorated general was a 𠇍isgrace” to his uniform. 

On June 9, 1954, McCarthy again became agitated at Welch’s steady destruction of each of his arguments and witnesses. In response, McCarthy charged that Frederick G. Fisher, a young associate in Welch’s law firm, had been a long-time member of an organization that was a “legal arm of the Communist Party.” Welch was stunned. As he struggled to maintain his composure, he looked at McCarthy and declared, “Until this moment, Senator, I think I never really gauged your cruelty or your recklessness.” It was then McCarthy’s turn to be stunned into silence, as Welch asked, “Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last?” 

The Cold War Abroad

The fight against subversion at home mirrored a growing concern with the Soviet threat abroad. In June 1950, the first military action of the Cold War began when the Soviet-backed North Korean People’s Army invaded its pro-Western neighbor to the south. Many American officials feared this was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world and deemed that nonintervention was not an option. Truman sent the American military into Korea, but the Korean War dragged to a stalemate and ended in 1953.

In 1955, The United States and other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) made West Germany a member of NATO and permitted it to remilitarize. The Soviets responded with the Warsaw Pact, a mutual defense organization between the Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria that set up a unified military command under Marshal Ivan S. Konev of the Soviet Union.

Other international disputes followed. In the early 1960s, President Kennedy faced a number of troubling situations in his own hemisphere. The Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 and the Cuban missile crisis the following year seemed to prove that the real communist threat now lay in the unstable, postcolonial “Third World.” 

Nowhere was this more apparent than in Vietnam, where the collapse of the French colonial regime had led to a struggle between the American-backed nationalist Ngo Dinh Diem in the south and the communist nationalist Ho Chi Minh in the north. Since the 1950s, the United States had been committed to the survival of an anticommunist government in the region, and by the early 1960s it seemed clear to American leaders that if they were to successfully 𠇌ontain” communist expansionism there, they would have to intervene more actively on Diem’s behalf. However, what was intended to be a brief military action spiraled into a 10-year conflict.

Diagnostic Approach to Tinnitus

Tinnitus is a common disorder with many possible causes. Most cases of tinnitus are subjective, but occasionally the tinnitus can be heard by an examiner. Otologic problems, especially hearing loss, are the most common causes of subjective tinnitus. Common causes of conductive hearing loss include external ear infection, cerumen impaction, and middle ear effusion. Sensorineural hearing loss may be caused by exposure to excessive loud noise, presbycusis, ototoxic medications, or Meniere's disease. Unilateral hearing loss plus tinnitus should increase suspicion for acoustic neuroma. Subjective tinnitus also may be caused by neurologic, metabolic, or psychogenic disorders. Objective tinnitus usually is caused by vascular abnormalities of the carotid artery or jugular venous systems. Initial evaluation of tinnitus should include a thorough history, head and neck examination, and audiometric testing to identify an underlying etiology. Unilateral or pulsatile tinnitus may be caused by more serious pathology and typically merits specialized audiometric testing and radiologic studies. In patients who are discomforted by tinnitus and have no remediable cause, auditory masking may provide some relief.

The word tinnitus is derived from the Latin word tinnire, meaning “to ring” or 𠇊 ringing.” Tinnitus is defined as an unwanted auditory perception of internal origin, usually localized, and rarely heard by others.1 Tinnitus is common, affecting up to 10 percent of the U.S. general population. It is most prevalent between 40 and 70 years of age, has a roughly equal prevalence in men and women, and occasionally can occur in children.2

The severity of tinnitus varies from an occasional awareness of a noise (e.g., ringing, hissing, buzzing, roaring, clicking, or rough sounds) in one or both ears, to an unbearable sound that drives some persons to contemplate suicide.1 , 2 People with similar psychoacoustic descriptions of tinnitus may differ radically in their level of annoyance and sense of its impact on daily life. Epidemiologic data reveal that approximately one fourth of persons with tinnitus are discomforted by it, whereas the remaining three fourths experience the condition without significant symptoms.3

Tinnitus takes different forms and has different classification proposals. One classification system stresses distinctions between vibratory and nonvibratory types, while another system groups the different forms of tinnitus into subjective or objective classes.

Vibratory tinnitus is caused by transmission to the cochlea of vibrations from adjacent tissues or organs. Nonvibratory tinnitus is produced by biochemical changes in the nerve mechanism of hearing.

Subjective tinnitus, which is more common, is heard only by the patient. Objective tinnitus can be heard through a stethoscope placed over head and neck structures near the patient's ear.

The mechanism that produces tinnitus remains poorly understood. Tinnitus may originate at any location along the auditory pathway from the cochlear nucleus to the auditory cortex. Some leading theories include injured cochlear hair cells that discharge repetitively and stimulate auditory nerve fibers in a continuous cycle, spontaneous activity in individual auditory nerve fibers, hyperactivity of the auditory nuclei in the brain stem, or a reduction in the usual suppressive activity of the central auditory cortex on peripheral auditory nerve activity.4

This article discusses the causes of subjective and objective tinnitus, and techniques used for evaluating tinnitus. Treatment recommendations are available from other sources.5 – 7

The tide chart above shows the height and times of high tide and low tide for San Diego, California. The red flashing dot shows the tide time right now. The grey shading corresponds to nighttime hours between sunset and sunrise at San Diego.

Tide Times are PDT (UTC -7.0hrs). Last Spring High Tide at San Diego was on Thu 10 Jun (height: 1.91m 6.3ft). Next high Spring Tide at San Diego will be on Thu 24 Jun (height: 2.32m 7.6ft).

San Diego tide chart key: The tide chart above shows the height and times of high tide and low tide for San Diego, California. The grey shading corresponds to nighttime hours between sunset and sunrise at San Diego.

Tide Times are PDT (UTC -7.0hrs). Last Spring High Tide at San Diego was on Thu 10 Jun (height: 1.91m 6.3ft). Next high Spring Tide at San Diego will be on Thu 24 Jun (height: 2.32m 7.6ft).

Words related to tide

Northeast Harbor and Southwest Harbor both have boat ramps at the sound’s mouth, but time your trip carefully—an outgoing tide will test your strength.

This is an effort to stem the tide of covid-related illness and death that has swept through nursing homes and assisted-living facilities — 37 percent of all covid-19 deaths as of mid-January.

With the tide rising toward stakeholder capitalism, it’s time to leverage tools of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to make intersectional gender equity a reality, to make stakeholder capitalism a reality, and to catapult our economic recovery.

“They’re moving slowly in terms of their merger and haven’t had a clear story, but the tide s seem to be changing,” said the second agency executive.

It all adds up to an anti-globalization tide the world over.

But the tide was turning on this issue, an email from another constituent made clear.

Instead of decorating every face on the street, Google Glass hit a contrarian rip tide .

Objectively, they are not just riding with the tide , but helping to guide its very direction.

But before a new tide of tourists can flow from Miami to Havana, Cuba will need to build more runways.

But then, once this swelling tide has receded, what happens?

His ear, his brain, his muscles take on a new joyous activity, and the tide of life rises higher.

They climbed another dune, and came upon the great gray sea at low tide .

It seemed it truly seemed as if the tide of blue, grey, scarlet specks was submerging the enemy's strongholds.

The blood rushed in a hot tide into the girl's pale wet face, and yet she shivered as if an arrow had pierced her heart.

We were mere atoms in a vast wave of horn and bone and flesh that bore us onward as the tide floats driftwood.

Watch the video: MASSIVE TIDE - Porthmeor, (January 2022).