In normal times (and the year 2020 is definitely not normal times) the Christmas holiday season is the point in the year when, in the United Kingdom, the annual pantomime theatre shows get underway. Two of the perennial favorite pantos (given a further boost in recent years by the Disney live-action remakes) are Cinderella, complete with the Fairy Godmother, and Aladdin, which features the Genie of the Lamp. But are the Fairy Godmother and the Genie related? A look at the background to these two creatures of folklore and legend is warranted …
New Crowns for Old, a 19th-century British cartoon based on the Aladdin story (Disraeli as Abanazer from the pantomime version of Aladdin offering Queen Victoria an Imperial crown (of India) in exchange for a Royal one)
Regular visitors to Ancient Origins will be aware of the nature of fairies, also known as the Fae or faeries. They have been an established part of Western culture since at least the Early Middle Ages (from around 500-1000 AD – also known as the Dark Ages) although confusingly in Saxon/Germanic lands they were also called elves, whereas is in Norman/Romance lands they were faeries. It was not until the Victorian era that the modern image of fairies as tiny, cutesy, little insect-winged creatures became established but before that the Fae/elves were broadly human-like in size but with supernatural or magical powers.
An illustration of the story of Prince Ahmed and the Fairy Paribanou, More tales from the Arabian nights by Willy Pogany (1915)
As to just exactly what the Fae were (or still are) that remains a subject of debate. Theories include: they are relicts of some ancient species of hominin – distant relatives of modern-day humans, rather like the now extinct Denisovans; that they are elementals – magical, spirit-like beings living a parallel existence to humans; and even that they are the ghosts of unbaptized Christian children.
What they are is not so important as what they are not. The Fae are not gods, nor are they angels or demons. They are something else. They do however, like humans, possess free will so they are masters of their own destiny and can make their own choice as to whether to be good or evil. In fact, one of the traditional divisions of the Fae is the split between members of the Unseelie Court, who are generally hostile towards humans, and the Seelie Court who are more tolerant.
Demonic possession involves the belief that a spirit, demon, or other entity can control a person's actions.  Those who believe themselves to be possessed commonly claim that symptoms of demonic possession include missing memories, perceptual distortions, loss of a sense of control, and hyper-suggestibility.  [ circular reference ] Erika Bourguignon found in a study of 488 societies worldwide that seventy-four percent believe in spirit possession, with the highest numbers of believing societies in Pacific cultures and the lowest incidence among Native Americans of both North and South America. 
Types of Jinn
there are three different types of jinn:
- , often confused with ifrits
- Flier jinn, Elemental of Wind
- Animalistic jinn, Jinn in the form of black dogs, black cat or vermins (insects, rodents, scorpions and snakes), they are either cursed or born with multiple forms.
- it is originally singular form but can used for another type. it is originally other kind of demons but can also treated as type of jinn. it is originally Arabic for hags (from Slavic and Celtic folklores) and female orangutans but also treated as type of jinn. transliterated as kawābīs (singular Kaboos or Kabūs, also known as hadūn) is a male and demonic sex genie. (singular qareenah or qarinah) are female and demonic sex jinn, which might be and might not be silas.
- Qarinah is class not type, so not all of them jinn
- elementals for earth, often confused with shaitans. elementals for water, often confused with marids. (also afrits or efreets) wicked or clever and stronger fiery jinn of the underwold. are very rebellious jinn. are rebellious and corrupter jinn. are tyrant jinn/demons who possessing statues. are night shades who inhabit grave and can change their shapes. (singular: qarin or qareen) either incubi or just shoulder jinn, devils or angels who following people from birth to death.
Recording for some books like ''Fairies in Folklore'' jinn are considered as wishgranting fairies which came to English folklore by "Arabian Night" and they are different than Islamic jinn though to having same name. Usually treated as mere wishgranting rather than freewilled spirits!
In Persian folklore there is divs/daevas are brutal and giant demons who smilar to jinn which oppossed by peris fairy-like benevolent beings who also very smilar to jinn.
Also in Persian folklore there is palis (Persian: پاليس, "literary: feet licker", English plural: pali) a type of jinn-like and vampiric dakhanavar.
In Japanese folklore there is ikiryō also known as seirei are elemental spirits very smilar to jinn.
In other Abrahamic religions Christian fallen angels and Jewish mazzikin/shedim are very comparable to jinn but they are also very different in the same time. (depends on myths because not all jinn are demons, even demonic jinn are live in their own realm and neither all of them evils nor living in the hell.)
Are Eastern Jinn, Western Faeries and Middle-Eastern Shedim Related? - History
Michael Mock asked: Right, so… Djinn. Also Ifrits, and the like. How much are they like the Sidhe (later called Faeries) of the British Isles?
From a folklore perspective, despite the (notable) differences in cultural and geographical background, I see some definite similarities. They’re both races of individually powerful (in varying degrees) beings, capricious and dangerous to deal with (again in varying degrees), supernatural (or at least magical), but not particularly aligned with Heaven or Hell, angels or devils. Shapechanging features prominently into stories about them I think both races have been known to interbreed with mortals and then sometimes they show up in some odd stories that don’t seem to quite fit with anything I’ve just generalized about.
From an anthropological perspective, there also seem to be some odd similarities they both look like cases of older, more-or-less animistic stories and beliefs that survived and were incorporated into the arrival of newer, more formalized montheistic/dualistic religions. There’s an additional similarity in that a lot of the remaining stories about them are seen through the lenses of those later religious beliefs.
What do you think? Is it a viable comparison? Or am I way, way off-base here?
Okay, so a quick primer for people who are unfamiliar with these traditions. The djinn (or jinn, if you prefer – we have the French to thank for the weird silent ‘d’) appear in both pre-Islamic and Islamic traditions, and are considered a sapient race separate from humans or angels with a long and varying list of supernatural powers – shapeshifting, possessing humans, supernatural speed and strength, immortality/invulnerability (at least compared to humans), just to name a few. There are references to the djinn in the Qur’an, but much of the conception of them comes from Islamic poetry and stories, in particular from One Thousand and One Nights, in which djinn often appear to make deals with humans. The djinn also appear in the Muslim versions of some Abrahamic traditions, in particular in stories about Solomon, who according to the Qur’an could control the djinn (Q. 27:17), which, in some later traditions, meant that he had a ring or other talisman that summoned djinn to do his bidding. Genies in the Western tradition derive from djinn stories, as seen in the story of Aladdin, who had a djinn trapped in a magic ring given to him by a sorcerer, which appeared in the first French translation of One Thousand and One Nights, but which was actually a fake added to the original stories.
As Michael mentions, djinn as a race are not good or evil, but can serve as benefactors, enemies, or mere foils to humans. Ifrit, but comparison, are explicitly evil. In the only Qur’anic reference to ifrit (27:39-40), they’re described as a strong kind of djinn who took the throne of the Queen of Sheba. They often appear in literature as malicious spirits, both in Medieval literature, and in modern stories, as in the plays of Egyptian writer Naguib Mahfouz. Shaytan are also often described as an evil kind of djinn, although the term “shaytan” is also sometimes translated as demon or devil, and in their use in Arabic literature, there appears to be some overlap with the Christian concept of a demon (although, again, djinn generically are also sometimes described as being able to possess people).
It’s worth pointing out that I’ve studied the djinn in a very limited manner as it has occasionally overlapped with my research (and stories of djinn have come up in some of my reading classes). I have never studied the Sidhe, so everything I know about them is either from (a) my general trivia knowledge of Irish history or (b) research I’ve done in the last couple of days, mostly on the internet.
I can definitely see where you’re coming from in terms of the comparison between the two. But I think the problem you run into with discussing similarities between supernatural traditions is that these traditions are so varied that you’re bound to find similarities. In particular, from what I’ve read of the Irish stories of fae folk, there seem to be a nearly endless range of types and kinds, some appearing in multiple stories and across several regions (as with the banshee) and some being local lore that, at some point, was folded into this larger mythology, sort of like ghost stories. The same goes for the djinn, with some authors using the term for any non-human, non-angel supernatural being, while others give precise definitions of types and kinds and their origins. At some point, you have so much information that really what you’re comparing is pretty general – supernatural beings that sometimes mess with humans but also have their own lives.
There’s also another concern that I pretty much always have when it comes to comparing supernatural traditions from an anthropological standpoint, which is that I think there is a tendency to overemphasize the importance of supernatural traditions for ‘under-developed’ or ‘uncivilized’ traditions (which often means non-European or non-Christian traditions) and underemphasize it for ‘developed’ and ‘civilized’ (and European and Christian) traditions. It’s hard for me to point to specific examples of this – it’s more just a general feeling I get from reading material about the supernatural. Even within ‘civilized’ traditions, I think we also tend to assume supernatural beliefs occur more among poor people and women than rich people and men. However, this assumption actually directly contradicts the evidence we have – for example, from a historical standpoint, both the Greek chronicle of John Malalas and the Syriac Khuzistani chronicle describe priests and monks being punished for pagan practices during the first centuries of Christianity, including communing with spirits and using runes, suggesting that these practices were widespread throughout the various strata of the culture, not something confined to specific ‘uncivilized’ classes.
For these two particular groups, I sort of feel like they’ve been singled out as historically/anthropologically important because they’ve been used to highlight the supernatural/irrational beliefs of the communities they represent. The Irish fae stories, as least the ones I could find online, seem pretty similar to ghost stories and fairy tales from other traditions, but for some reason, we’ve singled them out as A THING, and I wonder how much that has to do with the long-standing European tradition of the Irish as being the most backward and uncivilized (and ineffectively Christianized) of all European peoples. The popularity of One Thousand and One Nights and other Arabic and Indian stories in Europe in the early modern period sort of follows a similar pattern – these stories were often mined for information about what the Middle East was like, emphasizing how superstitious their people were, despite the fact that stories of djinn tormenting humans or granting wishes are not terribly different from the wicked witch in Snow White or the fairy godmother in Cinderella.
I think you’re right that both the djinn and the sidhe represent a intermixing of pre-conversion beliefs with a major religious tradition, but again, I think arguably you can find this with every major religion. Local traditions that are popular or that serve a strong social/anthropological purpose don’t die out – they’re just given a nice, religious gloss. See, for example, saints’ tales, local shrines, Easter bunnies and Christmas conifers.
One similarity I did find particularly interest, but which I think also further complicates the comparison between the two traditions is how much both mythologies have been influenced by literary traditions, and even single works within that tradition. I didn’t realize how much of the common conception of the Sidhe comes from Yeat’s collection. One Thousand and One Nights is similarly influential for djinn stories, and in particular, the French translation/redaction by Antoine Galland in the eighteenth century was massively influential on the Western conception of what Islamic and/or Middle Eastern belief systems were like.
But again, I don’t really know what to do with this similarity, as this connection to a literary tradition really just complicates the whole issue of believing versus knowing, in terms of the anthropological/sociological use of these mythologies. Again, to use a more familiar comparison, most of us know about Wonderland and Never Never Land. We can probably even answer questions about the people who live there, what they’re like, their backgrounds, and their relationships to one another. But that doesn’t mean we believe in those places. Unfortunately, it’s very difficult to discern the difference in historical texts because people tend to reference familiar literary/cultural references, assuming their audience knows which are fact and which are fiction. Plenty of authors like to play around with the distinction, as well – I don’t think people would call themselves superstitious for liking Twilight or “The Walking Dead,” but those also stem from a mythology of supernatural beings who sometimes screw with humans, and because those works focus on supernatural creatures invading an otherwise normal world, it would be easy for a future historian to read into those works as representing a general belief that some people are vampires or that a zombie apocalypse is really going to happen.
Sorry, this has turned into a very rambling response, but hopefully there is some useful information in there. Overall, I think you’re right that there are interesting similarities, but my gut tells me that those apparent similarities may be due to the diverse nature of those traditions, coupled with people outside the tradition stressing these two traditions as particularly important or distinct. But proving that would take a ton more research.
Our Genies Are Different
In Middle Eastern folklore and Islam, genies (jinn, Arabic for "hidden") were created out of the Four Elements by God before he created the First Man out of all of the elements. They are (usually) invisible beings that are actually more like humans than we realize &mdash they are born, grow up, marry, have children and eventually die. They are said to be made of "smokeless fire", perhaps something along the lines of energy beings. They are also extremely long-lived and highly skilled in magic. However, they can be killed by mundane means, if the Arabian Nights is any indication. (At least a couple of genies have been done in by a rock to the head). They were sometimes trapped in a bottle. They might grant you a wish if you let them go. Or they might have been bound to something like a ring or a lamp and forced to obey the orders of anyone who summoned them. Genies are creatures of free will they can be good or evil and may even be religious. There are even various types of djinn, not unlike how The Fair Folk comprises many different creatures. Belief in genies is still common in the Middle East today.
In Islamic theology, God told the Djinn that they should bow to man's superiority, but their leader, Iblis, refused to do so thus, a good chunk of them ended up imprisoned by Suleiman and other holy men in lamps and such and forced to grant wishes. Genies in Islam can also possess humans for a variety of reasons &mdash they might have a crush on the human, or they might just be a jerkwad. During exorcisms, the genie is given the option to convert to Islam, leave the body of the human or die. Iblis, by the way, never repented, and in fact swore that he would corrupt mankind. in other words, he's their version of Satan (and in fact is sometimes called Shayṭān or Shaitan). note On a related note, linguists have proposed that that the word Iblis is etymologically derived from the Ancient Greek word Diabolos. That is, the Devil.
In popular Western media, genies are immortal beings almost invariably trapped inside a lamp or a bottle, often materializing through a puff of smoke. (Originally, at least part of those items only acted as a means to summon the genie and didn't actually contain it). They must grant you three wishes, which they may or may not screw up horribly. (In the Arabian Nights, this number ranged from one to infinity).
Also, Genies are extremely likely to be an Amazing Technicolor Population and to have Fog Feet. Female genies in modern media typically wear Bedlah Babe outfits.
The correct Arabic grammar is "one djinni", "two djinn" (also spelled jinn(i)). The English word "genie", used to translate "djinni", derives from the Roman "genius", which is the spirit inherent to any person or object, such as in the term genius loci. The same concept in Hebrew is called a shed ("one shed", "two shedim") and shida in Aramaic.
See also Genie in a Bottle, Benevolent Genie, Literal Genie, and Jackass Genie. Not to mention Our Ghouls Are Creepier ghouls have their origins as a class of djinn, although modern Western works rarely depict them as such.
Beach’s endless reading in the literature of fairies has led him to a couple of unusual passages. He honestly doesn’t know that to make of them. In truth, they frighten him.
The first is from a south-western fairy tale where a man is reunited with his ‘dead’ fiancé who is actually trapped in fairy land. While there she explains the lifestyle, beliefs and manners of the fairy folk.
‘For you must remember they are not of our religion,’ said she, in answer to his surprised look, ‘but star-worshippers. They don’t always live together like Christians and turtle-doves considering their long existence such constancy would be tiresome for them, anyhow the small tribe seem to think so. And the old withered ‘kiskeys’ of men that one can almost see through, like puffs of smoke, are vainer than the young ones. May the Powers deliver them from their weakly frames! And indeed they often long for the time when they will be altogether dissolved in air, and so end their wearisome state of existence without an object or hope.’
This rather ghastly half life is bad enough, but what Beachcombing finds most intriguing is the reference to ‘star-worshipping’. What on earth does this mean in this context? Is it an erudite nineteenth-century reference to astrology? Or is it, if we want to be almost absurdly ambitious, a memory of Neolithic religion in Cornwall in the 1800s? There has long, of course, been the idea that the fairies are the memory of an earlier civilisation.
Beach would plump for astrology and sleep well the night after. But every so often other sources have curious details about fairy religion that are rather more difficult to explain away. This is Robert Kirk on the fairies in his Secret Commonwealth, written in 1691 describing fairy beliefs.
They live much longer than we yet die at last, or least vanish from that state. For ‘tis one of their tenets that nothing perisheth, but (as the sun and year) everything goes in a circle, lesser or greater, and is renewed and refreshed in its revolutions, as ‘tis another that every body in the creation moves (which is a sort of life), and that nothing moves, but has another animal moving on it, and so on, to the utmost minutest corpuscule that’s capable to be a receptacle of life.
We have here a slightly intellectualised version of village Hinduism. But what the hell is it doing in late seventeenth-century Scotland? There are two explanations that jump to Beachcombing’s mind.
First, a wild one: the ancients compared druidic belief to Pythagoras. Is it possible that this transmigration of souls comes from authentic druidic customs that have somehow survived to be represented as fairy beliefs? There was long the idea that fairy belief stemmed from druidic belief.
Second, a contorted version of the same. Is it possible that knowing that transmigration was connected with the druids the seventeenth century had connected these beliefs with the fairies as an act of antiquarianism?
For the record, Beach suspects that both explanations are wrong. And this paragraph remains like a great beached whale flapping its tail and daring us to explain it.
So what is going on here? drbeachcombing AT yahoo DOT com
22/1/2012: Phil P writes in to say ‘One other possibility comes to mind. The Rom as presumed to have originally come from India. (Romany is related closely to Sanskrit) Is it possible that they brought a bit of Hindu cosmology to Scotland? I don’t know how far back their presence in the isles goes.’ Thanks Phil! Several correspondents wrote in afterwards with a fifteenth/sixteenth century date for the arrival of fairies.
Are Eastern Jinn, Western Faeries and Middle-Eastern Shedim Related? - History
God made the angels from light, he made man from the mud and the clay, and the Djinn from smokeless fire.
The passage above is from the Qur'an, and talks about a mysterious and ancient race of beings called Djinn. In the western world we are only familiar with man, angels, and fallen angels (often been referred to as demons). However, in the Muslim belief there are no fallen angels, but instead a different third race that is much older than the human race. The Qur&rsquoan makes it very clear that the Djinn existed before mankind just how long before no one seems to know for sure. Some Islamic scholars say they lived on our planet a thousand years before humans, some say a thousand centuries. So just who are the Djinn?
The word "Djinn" (or Jinn) can be traced to the Persian word Janna or Jannu, which simply means hidden. This indicates that the Djinn are invisible to humans unless they want to be seen. According to Islamic belief the race of Djinn lived in desolate locations. These places are said to be haunted or cursed, and people kept away from these locations fearing they might invite the wrath of a Djinni for invading its privacy.
In modern terms the invisibility of the Djinn and living in a distant and hidden, desolate place could instead mean that they exist in a parallel dimension that is close to our own reality. They are out of reach and cannot be seen in the normal sense. It makes one wonder if shadow-like beings, which are reported around the world, are Djinn spying on us by pressing against the membrane that divides their world from ours.
In the Middle East, the Djinn race are considered to be very real. Even in the modern Arab world there are few who think the Djinn are simply legends. In Turkey, the Djinn are not only feared, but respected. From a very early age children are taught to stay away from them and never go to a place where their world borders our own.
In the western world we have little knowledge of this ancient race, but they have been mentioned in the media and some literature as the "Genie." Most of us in the United States are familiar with the 1960&rsquos television show I Dream of Jeannie. In this popular sitcom (which is still in syndication today), Barbara Eden plays a ditsy Djinni (Jeannie) who is released from captivity in a bottle by astronaut Tony Nelson (played by Larry Hagman). Jeannie falls in love with Tony and tries to help him in his life by granting wishes to obtain things that she thinks he may like or need. However, she always screws it up and makes poor Tony&rsquos life more complex.
As a result of this show, the animated Disney stories of Aladdin&rsquos Lamp, and other various tales of genies, we in the western world view Djinn or the genie as being harmless, even bumbling at times, and easy to control. This could not be farther from the truth.
The people of the Middle East (in both ancient and modern times) consider the Djinn very dangerous and uncontrollable. The Qur&rsquoan states that, like a human being, Djinn have free will and can choose between good and evil. This means that not all Djinn are evil some are good, and many are simply indifferent and don&rsquot want to be bothered by humans. The Qur&rsquoan has an entire Surah dedicated to the Djinn called Al-Jinn.
Djinn do not have a physical form, but they can take a number of different shapes. In the Arab country of Oman, residents in the villages near the Hajjar Mountains believe a Djinni can enter our world for an undetermined period of time. The Hajjar Mountains in northeastern Oman are the highest mountain range in the eastern Arabian Peninsula. It is deep in these mountains that Arabs believe is one of the places in which Djinn can enter our world.
To go unnoticed Djinn like to take the shapes of a human or an animal. The mountain people of Oman believe you can tell a Djinni from a human by looking into their eyes (since, though they can mimic the human body, they have difficulty with the eyes). The eyes of a Djinn would be yellow with elongated pupils. Since they have this difficulty and don&rsquot want to be discovered, most of them will take the shape of a snake, dog, or some other animal that is common in the area.
There are male and female Djinn, and they do marry and have families. The family relatives are bonded together in clans that are ruled by a king. Djinn children seem to be very curious about humans, and will often appear as fairies, gnomes, elves, and other creatures prominent in mythology. Although Djinn children are taught by their parents to fear humans, their curiosity often gets the better of them, and occasionally they will attempt to interact with human children. Perhaps parents should take the stories of their child&rsquos imaginary friend more seriously.
Islamic law forbids humans to marry Djinn, but according to legend it has been done in the past. The offspring of such a union are said to be physical in form, but are sociopaths that do not know right from wrong. In Iran and Iraq crazed serial killers are thought to be the result of a union between a Djinn and human. It is also said that the children of this unholy union have great intelligence, strength, and charisma, as well as incredible powers of mind control, which comes from their Djinn half. The people of Saudi Arabia believe girls who have very hairy legs are suspect of having a Djinn as one of their parents.
Islamic historical accounts of the Queen of Sheba (known to the Arabs as Balqis or Balkis) say her father was a human and mother was a Djinn. Although she was not in line for the throne, she was able to rise to that position before her fifteenth birthday. Legend says she had great power over the minds of others, especially men, and controlled people to murder for her. Her powers of persuasion were so great that she was able to control the great king Solomon. Some say she did this out of revenge, since Solomon was given mastery over all the Djinn and subjected them to slave labor to build the Temple and his cities. The queen of Sheba&rsquos mother was one of the enslaved Djinn in Solomon&rsquos service.
In Islam there are no "fallen angels." This is because Muslims believe angels do not have free will, and since they were created by Allah from the purest of light they cannot be corrupted. The powerful beings who fell from grace were Djinn. One Djinn named Iblis who possessed the power of an angel refused to bow to man at the command of Allah. As a result, Iblis was cast out of heaven. The goal of Iblis is to corrupt other Djinn and destroy the human race.
Persian legends say the Djinn once lived in this world. They became very powerful and developed technology that was much greater than what we even have today. The Djinn race began warring with each other and polluting the physical universe. Allah, in an attempt to save the Djinn race from destroying themselves, sent an army of angels to remove them from this world and placed most of the Djinn in a world parallel to ours where they could do no more harm to themselves or other beings. Very powerful Djinn who fell from God&rsquos grace along with Iblis were imprisoned in bottles, rings, and great caves around the planet. One of these alleged caves is called Majis&ndashAl Jinn, located in northeastern Oman. My exploration of this cave is documented in The Vengeful Djinn.
According to the legend, many of the Djinn race resent having to give up this world, which they still consider their home, to humans. They want their home back and will do whatever it takes. In our book The Vengeful Djinn: Unveiling the Hidden Agenda of Genies, Rosemary Ellen Guiley and I, after years of research, unmask the Djinn and reveal the facts and legends about this ancient race of beings that have coexisted with the human race for countless centuries.
Existence and usage of jinn in other cultures
Aladdin and the genie in Legoland Windsor.
In Guanche mythology from Tenerife in the Canary Islands, there existed the belief in beings that are similar to genies, such as the maxios or dioses paredros ('attendant gods', domestic and nature spirits) and tibicenas (evil genies), as well as the demon Guayota (aboriginal god of evil) that, like the Arabic ʾIblīs, is sometimes identified with a genie.
In the Bible
In Judeo-Christian tradition, the word jinn as such does not occur in the English text of the Bible, but the Arabic word ǧinn is often used in several old Arabic translations. In Isaiah 6, the seraphim (lit. "burning/fiery ones") appear to the prophet Isaiah, with their six wings being use to cover, or hide, their body, face and feet.
In several verses in those Arabic translations, the words jinn (جن), jann (الجان al-Ǧānn ), majnoon (مجنون Maǧnūn ), and Iblīs (إبلیس) are mentioned as translations of familiar spirit or אוב (ob) for jann and the devil or δαιμόνιον (daimónion) for Iblīs .
Several passages from the New Testament refer to Jesus casting out evil spirits from those that were demon-possessed. According to Islamic tradition, these evil spirits refers to the shayatin jinn mentioned in the Qur'an and Hadith literature. Among the similarities of these creatures is their ability to take possession of human beings.
In Van Dyck's Arabic translation of the Bible, these words are mentioned in Leviticus 19:31, Lev 20:6, 1 Samuel 28:3, 1 Sa 28:9, 1 Sa 28:7, 1 Chronicles 10:13, Gospel of Matthew 4:1, Mat 12:22, Gospel of Luke 4:5, Luk 8:12, Gospel of John 8:44 and other verses as well. Also, in the apocryphal book Testament of Solomon, Solomon describes particular demons whom he enslaved to help build the temple, the questions he put to them about their deeds and how they could be thwarted, and their answers, which provide a kind of self-help manual against demonic activity.
In Persian mythology
Jinns, notably evil ones, are called Dev by the Persians, and the most powerful referred to as Narahs (which signifies males though there are said to be females too). The good Jinni are the Piri (or Peri in Turkish) which is usually applied to the female. There are lower orders of Jinn, one of which is called Gul or Ghul (from which the English word Ghoul is derived). These are regarded as a kind of female Sheytan or evil Jinni (the male is called Qutrub). Guls are said to be solitary demonic creatures resembling both man and animal they inhabit cemeteries where they feed on the dead, or lay in wait for a traveler to pass where from they entice and trick him by changing their shape (shape-shifting) to resemble another traveler, and lead him from his course till lost.
In the Occult
In sorcery books Jinn are classified into four races after the classical elements, Earth, Air, Fire (Ifrit) and Water (Marid) and presumed to live in them. They are collected in tribes, usually seven, each with a king. Each king controls his tribe and is controlled by an Angel. The Angel's name is torture to the jinn king as well as his specific tribe.
Unlike white and evil witches, Jinn have free will yet, they could be compelled to perform both good and evil acts. In contrast a demon would only hurt creatures, and an angel would only have benevolent intentions (white witchcraft). Knowing what to ask a spirit to perform is key, as asking a spirit to perform a chore that runs counter to its natural tendencies could possibly anger the spirit into retaliating against the sorcerer.
In Western Culture
The Western interpretation of the genie is based on the Aladdin tale in the Western bastardized version of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights, which told of a genie that lived in an oil lamp and granted wishes to whoever freed him from the lamp by polishing it. The number and frequency of wishes varies, but typically it is limited to three wishes. More mischievous genies may take advantage of poorly worded wishes (including the Fairly Odd Parents and in an episode of The X-Files).
Many stories about genies tend to follow the same vein as the famous short story The Monkey's Paw by W. W. Jacobs, with the overriding theme of "be careful what you wish for" in these stories, wishes can have disastrous, horrific and sometimes fatal consequences. Often, the genie causes harm to the loved ones or innocent people surrounding the wisher, making others pay for its master's greed or ignorance.
Exploiting loopholes or twisting interpretations of wishes is a classic trait amongst genies in Western fiction. For example, in "The Man in the Bottle" episode of The Twilight Zone, a poor shopkeeper who finds a genie wishes to become a leader of a great nation - and is transformed into Adolf Hitler at the very end of World War II. Often, these stories end with the genie's master wishing to have never found the genie, all his previous wishes never to have happened, or a similar wish to cancel all the fouled wishes that have come before.
Until 2005, the Djinn was one of many mythical creatures to be used as a Brownie patrol. When the Girl Guides of Canada updated the Brownie program in 2005, they decided that Djinns were an improper use of an Islamic cultural icon and made the decision to remove Djinni from the program.
In ancient Greek stories, the siren was a creature with the head and upper body of a human woman and the legs and tail of a bird. She was an especially dangerous creature for sailors, singing from rocky shores which hid dangerous reefs and luring the sailors onto them. When Odysseus returned from Troy in Homer's famous epic, "The Odyssey," he tied himself to the mast of his ship in order to resist their lures.
The legend has persisted for quite a while. Several centuries later, the Roman Historian Pliny the Elder was making the case for regarding Sirens as imaginary, fictional beings rather than actual creatures. They made a reappearance in the writings of 17th century Jesuit priests, who believed them to be real, and even today, a woman thought to be dangerously seductive is sometimes referred to as a siren, and an entrancing idea as a "siren song."
The 69 Most Graphic and Gorgeous Sex Scenes on TV
Before HBO and Netflix, you didn't have many options if you wanted to watch a no-holds-barred, graphic, sexy sex scene. But the age of streaming changed all that, and now not only can you watch literally any kind of sex scene you want, whenever you want, you can also catch some down-and-dirty sex on your favorite TV shows (Friends would never!). Sex is a normal, healthy, essential part of being a human in this world, and it's only right that some of the best TV shows out there reflect that.
On that note, here are the most hot, graphic, and in some cases groundbreaking sex scenes we've seen on the small screen. (If you're looking for scenes that venture more towards "romantic and passionate" territory, check out our roundup of those kind of sex scenes. Oh, and if you're looking for just Game of Thrones sex scenes, you bet we've got those too.)
'Little Fires Everywhere'
Hulu's adaptation of Celeste Ng's novel Little Fires Everywhere had plenty of sexiness, but fans were particularly floored by a scene between Tiffany Boone (playing a younger version of Kerry Washington's character, Mia) and Anika Noni Rose (playing Pauline Hawthorne, a professor who becomes Mia's mentor). The actresses involved are clearly crazy hot, but the set-up added a layer of drama that took the can't-not-watch factor to the next level. In the scene, Boone's Mia is pregnant&mdashwith Pauline's child, which she is carrying as a surrogate for Pauline and her husband.
"It&rsquos a very complicated thing, because there is a maternal element there," Boone told Oprah Mag of the relationship. "Mia, she had such a fraught relationship with her mother&mdashshe never felt truly seen. Then she meets Pauline, someone who really sees her, understands her, supports these decisions that she&rsquos making. This relationship that she&rsquos been looking for with her mother is suddenly there with Pauline."
Way back in Season 1, Insecure established that things were going to be hot AF with the memorable hookup between Issa and her high school boyfriend, Daniel (while she was still seeing Lawrence). Insecure is obviously hilarious, but star and creator Issa Rae takes prep for TV sex *very* seriously.
"I prepare just as I would for real sex," Rae told Coveteur. "It might be TMI, but I just want to make sure that I&rsquom presentable in all areas. I want to make sure that I smell great, and I also want to make that if my partner doesn&rsquot smell great, that I smell good enough for the both of us. But thankfully that&rsquos never happened."
You can't make a show about Catherine the Great without sex. Or, I guess you could, but why even bother, you know? In Hulu's The Great, Elle Fanning has a lot of sexy scenes with not one, but two hot leading men, Nicholas Hoult, who plays her husband, Peter III of Russia, and Sebastian de Souza, who plays her lover, Leo Voronsky. Unsurprisingly, the scenes with Leo are the hot ones.
"You know, sex is a big part of our show," Fanning told EW of working on the sex-heavy series. "And we wanted to make sure everyone's comfortable. We had an intimacy coordinator that was on set whenever we had those scenes, to make everyone feel good and make everything look real. And I had never worked with anyone like that before, but that was nice to have. And of course, I think sex is also a real big part of the real Catherine the Great's life. She was notoriously kind of beyond her time in that way. She was very open and free and loved sex, so that's obviously something that I wanted to touch upon. You see the young Catherine on her first wedding night, and it's not exactly how she was expecting it to go. And she ultimately gets a lover in Leo, they have the sex that they have, which is more loving and passionate. The sex with Nick [Hoult] and the sex with Sebastian [de Souza] in the show is very different."
This BBC drama might be a little under-the-radar for American audiences (it aired in the UK in 2015 and hit Netflix in 2018), but it's worth seeking out for the hot encounters between Ben Whishaw's Danny and Scottie Edward Holcroft's Alex. When they finally consummate their romance, it's so hot you'll need a cold shower after watching it. And, it's worth noting, the extreme sexiness of the scene is actually the tame version.
"I guess it has been a talking point and it&rsquos full of things that are provocative," series creator Tom Rob Smith told The Guardian of the response to the series. "I thought a gay love story might not be embraced by everyone, but I was really surprised that Danny and Alex&rsquos sex scene in episode one shocked anyone. It was as mild as I could have made it."
There are plenty of steamy scenes between Merritt Wever and Domhnall Gleeson in HBO's Run and the chemistry they bring to every encounter between their characters, Ruby and Billy, is honestly jaw-dropping. Even more jaw-dropping? The fact that the sexiness we see on the show is toned down.
"God, earlier drafts were so much worse!" creator Vicky Jones told Harper's Bazaar UK. &ldquoPeople at [the show&rsquos network] HBO were like, &lsquoI think it could be dirtier&rsquo and so I&rsquod write it so filthy that [the producer] Jenny Robbins could barely look me in the eye afterwards. Everyone was horrified! We made the actors do the whole thing and it wasn&rsquot sexy because it was too much. We cut a lot of it back because I lost my nerve. Seriously, people were like, 'That&rsquos gonna go straight on YouPorn &ndash just the words!'"
In Netflix's The Defenders, fans didn't have to wait long for a very steamy scene between Mike Colter's Luke Cage and Rosario Dawson's Claire Temple (and praise to the TV gods for that).
"Anytime you&rsquore smitten with someone and hanging out with them for the first time, there&rsquos a spark," Colter told Entertainment Weekly of the characters' red hot romance . "That newness makes everybody excited."
Speaking of Netflix's Marvel universe, in the fifth episode of Daredevil Season 2, Charlie Cox (who plays Matt Murdock aka Daredevil himself) and Élodie Yung (who plays Elektra Natchios) gifted fans with a particularly memorable love scene that proved the fine line between love and hate and between fighting and. well, another F-word-ing.
As sexy as it is to watch Daredevil and Elektra get it on in a boxing ring, though, Cox doesn't love the reputation being a sexy human on camera for a living has earned him. In a 2017 interview with The Telegraph, he said being a sex symbol makes him "horribly uncomfortable."
'The Night Manager'
The Night Manager aired on AMC in the U.S. (and on BBC One in the UK), so the sex had to stay basic cable-friendly, but that didn't stop steamy moments. One scene in particular, in which Tom Hiddleston bared his butt while simulating sex with costar Elizabeth Debicki.
"It was quite intense. I had no idea of the effect it had," Debicki said of the now-iconic scene. "We shot it quite quickly. I didn't realize that [his butt flashing] was going on in that scene. I was looking at his face."
For his part, Hiddleston thought the nudity was NBD.
"I've come from the tradition of European film, where nudity isn't really something," he told THR. "I've seen many other more esteemed actors be infinitely more naked than me. I just don't think twice about it. It was important for the scene and no more or less significant than any of the other scenes in the story."
A lot of the sex in Ryan Murphy's Hollywood is cringe-worthy at best (the series explores the exploitative casting couch culture of 1940s Hollywood), but the romantic scenes between Jake Picking as Rock Hudson and Jeremy Pope as aspiring screenwriter Archie Coleman are swoon-y and sweet and, yeah, very sexy.
"I love how fearless Archie is," Pope told EW when discussing the importance of sex on the show . " We talk about the sex work, but it's not something we look down upon. When you watch Archie's narrative and this group of individuals, I don't think you feel sorry for them. They're hungry, they're ambitious, they want it, and they'll work hard to get it. If anything, it's teaching me to stand in my blackness with pride and strength."
In Season 2 of Netflix's sexy Spanish drama Elite, Polo (Álvoro Rico) has a hot, hot threesome with Valerio (Jorge Lopéz) and Cayetana (Georgina Amoros) that you'll probably want to watch more than once.
Speaking of threesomes, the sexy (and sometimes hilarious) one shared by Orlando Bloom, Malin Akerman, and Kate Micucci in Netflix's anthology series Easy is another must-see.
'The New Pope'
The New Pope definitely brought a new&mdashor at least more literal&mdashmeaning to to the term "phone sex" with a scene starring Cécile de France. In spite of its religious themes, the show pushes all kinds of boundaries, especially when it comes to nudity and sexuality.
&ldquoNudity is a part of life and I try to show life," creator Paolo Sorrentino told SBS Australia. "It&rsquos very simple. In these last years everybody is afraid of nudity and I don't know why. You have two options: to stay dressed or be naked. I put both options. I know that the Pope in a moment of his life has to be naked and I don&rsquot know why I mustn&rsquot show the Pope naked, or women. If in certain scenes I think I must have sex, I must have sex. I don&rsquot see a reason to avoid it. It&rsquos exactly like I do with other material."
'Orange Is the New Black'
Orange Is the New Black has plenty of sexy AF scenes, but the shower scene between fan favorite pairing Soso and Poussey deserves a special mention.
"It was so great," Samira Wiley, who played Poussey on the Netflix series, told THR of her onscreen relationship with Kimiko Glenn, the actress who played Soso. People would make fun of me on set all the time, Danielle mainly, because I would come off set or when they were changing the camera setup or whatever, and I would have my arm around Kimiko and she would have her arm around me and I would be like, 'Yeah, this is my girlfriend.' And Danielle would be like, 'You are so happy to have a girlfriend this season &mdash we get it, we get it.' It was just fun, I feel like Poussey from the very beginning has had this capacity for love and she just needed someone to give it to. And I&rsquove had so much fun being able to play with Kimiko."
Natalie Dormer would be hot AF in a parka, sitting alone in an empty room. So put her in naughty situations and period costumes and there aren't enough fire emojis to describe it.
So why did Dormer sign on to play TV's most sexed up Anne Boelyn ever? "When I started my career, I was grateful to get the job," she explained in an interview with ES magazine . "People would say, &lsquoThe Tudors was so hyper-sexualised, why on earth would you make that decision?&rsquo Well, I made the decision because I was unemployed. I didn&rsquot know what The Tudors was going to be, I didn&rsquot have all 10 scripts I&rsquod just got a job, for f**k's sake."
Grey's Anatomy has plenty of steamy moments, most of which capture the raw, frantic, sometimes desperate nature of needing to get it on. Early on, Izzy and Alex shared one of the show's sexiest hookups. Bonus points for Izzy famously taking charge of the moment and telling Alex to take off his pants.
Westworld is a show that's 99 percent about exploring sexual fantasies, so it's not a surprise that it continues to bring the sex and bring it big. In its third season, Westworld upped the sex ante with a full-on Eyes Wide Shut-level scene that took place at an auction where the wealthy bid on chances to make some of those aforementioned sexual fantasies come true.
When it comes to nudity-free, network TV-friendly sex scenes, they don't get much more earnest or steamy than Olivia and Fitz's electronics closet hookup on Scandal. For the record, though, Kerry Washington says IRL, filming those scenes was pretty much awkward AF.
&ldquoThey&rsquore hard to do,&rdquo Washington told Allure in 2014 . &ldquoYou&rsquore doing things that you&rsquore supposed to do with only certain people in your life. Because this is not your real partner in life, doing that is awkward. And then doing it in a room full of people is awkward,&rdquo she added.
Hulu's Normal People was filled with truly exceptional sex scenes, but the hottest by far came at the end of the series, when Connell and Marianne finally knew each other&mdashand themselves&mdashenough to have their most satisfying sex yet. The cast achieved the show's sexy realism in the same way good sex happens in real life&mdashby setting clear boundaries and having open conversations about their comfort levels.
"Ita [O'Brien, the show's sex coordinator] would make sure Paul [Mescal] and I would discuss the boundaries and what we were and weren't comfortable with," Daisy Edgar-Jones, who plays Marianne, explained in an interview with The Sun. "We also agreed on touch and would say, 'this area is fine but please stay off this area,' or, 'I don&rsquot feel comfortable with this.'&rdquo
If you had a sweet, innocent crush on Mark-Paul Gosselaar back in his Saved By the Bell days, then avert your eyes, because you'll never see Zack Morris the same again once this image of the actor having sex with weed-dealing housewife Nancy (played by Mary-Louise Parker) in a dive bar is burned on your brain.
"I like it the more extreme it is," Parker said of Weeds' graphic sex scenes. "I don't like when it's sentimental, when she's a sweet mother. To me, she's not that."
Netflix's Feel Good is a treasure and that's thanks in large part to the tender intimacy shared by Mae and George on the series. Basically, any moment with these two and a bed is sure to satisfy&mdashemotionally and sexually.
'Sex and the City'
There are hot-as-fire sex scenes and then there are fire-themed-and-still-hot sex scenes and Sex and the City will forever be champion of the latter, thanks to Samantha's fireman fantasy scene, complete with dress-up play and strip-tease.
Sex scenes co-starring Steve Buscemi might not immediately come to mind in lists of the sexiest sex on TV, but Paz De La Huerta's reverse cowgirl moment on Boardwalk Empire will change that. Her secret to making fake sex so truly steamy? Play the love, not the lust.
"I don&rsquot do sex scenes, I do love scenes," the actress told StyleCaster in 2011. "Think about it in your own life. It&rsquos always complicated. So it&rsquos not really a sex scene, it&rsquos about what&rsquos happening between you and a man, a woman, or whatever. It&rsquos about what&rsquos going on in the relationship. They might be having sex in a a scene, but there is always something deeper. Life is complicated."
Normal People has too many amazing sex scenes to choose just one. In episode 2, Marianne and Connell consummate their love and their first time is tender, real, and endearingly awkward.
"I think that's why people really found it quite striking in the series," Daisy Edgar-Jones, who plays Marianne, explained in an interview with Nylon. "It shows a depiction of sex that is very real in all its forms. And I think particularly in their first time scene, the fact that Connell was very concerned about consent and they use protection &mdash it's very rare that you see a scene that is both beautiful and tender and sexy, but also has those elements in it. There isn't kind of, billowing sheets and warm candlelight. It's very awkward. You know, Marianne's bra gets stuck around her arms. It's bubbly and they kind of make hesitant conversation before it happens when they both know why they're there. It's a very healthy depiction of sex."
Carnival Row arrived on Amazon Prime in 2019 to fill the Game of Thrones-shaped hole in our collective fantasy sex-loving souls, and it did not disappoint&mdashat very least in the fantasy sex department. In Season 1, episode 3, viewers were treated to a particularly hot love scene between faerie Vignette (Cara Delevingne) and half-blood Philo (Orlando Bloom).
Showrunner Marc Guggenheim talked fairy sex specifics with The Wrap, saying: "It&rsquos interesting that you establish that when a fairy climaxes, their wings glow. And the second time, later in the episode when she and Philo sleep together, her wings don&rsquot glow. And it&rsquos a way into this very critical scene where Philo is basically asking Vignette, essentially, why weren&rsquot you mentally present? And it&rsquos a great example for me of how the mythology that has been built into the show allows us to get to certain character moments and certain character-revealing instances. And that&rsquos what keeps it from being crass."
In Season 2, Pose gave viewers a look into Pray Tell's love life, including a very steamy love scene between him and Ricky. Billy Porter, who plays Pray Tell in the amazing series, discussed the scene's larger culture importance during the 2019 TCA Summer Press Tour.
"I have spent my entire career never having been the object of anyone's affection or anything. Until now," he said. "Having a very loving, connected sex scene is sort of blowing my mind. My nerves are frayed, I'm going to take a Valium and watch it tonight."
Long before Meredith Grey (Ellen Pompeo) and Derek Shepherd (Patrick Dempsey) were endgame, they were on opposite ends of a love triangle: When they met, Shepherd was separated from his wife, who he later reunited with. In this scene, the two lock eyes at a work event before going up to an operating room and ripping one another's clothes off. It's. almost definitely the only time an operating room has been sexy.
Empire knows how to do sex scenes. One of the show's best and most memorable&mdashand, let's be honest, just plain sexiest&mdashsteamy scenes was the rooftop moment shared by Becky (Gabourney Sidibe) and MC J Poppa (Mo McRae). Even though the scene didn't escalate to full-on sex, it's proof that foreplay is amazing all on its own.
And, in response to some of the fat shaming hate the scene garnered (because parts of the the internet are, as we all know, a cesspool), Sidibe told EW: "I had the most fun ever filming that scene even though I was nervous. I felt sexy and beautiful and I felt like I was doing a good job. I keep hearing that people are 'hating' on it. I'm not sure how anyone could hate on love but that's okay. You may have your memes. Honestly, I'm at work too busy to check Twitter anyway."
I'd give Penn Badgley's sex scenes with Elizabeth Lail in the first season of You a solid A, but his chemistry with season two's lead, Victoria Pedretti (you'll remember her from the distinctly un-sexy Haunting of Hill House), is next-level. It's a totally different dynamic, and if you actively ignore the fact that he's murdering people, it's very hot.
In this super-hot scene, Rachel and Mike finally give into their feelings for each other and have sex at work. Which is cool and sexy, but also, Meghan Markle is in it!
Yes, this technically takes place when the couple are in high school, which feels weird, but Betty (Lili Reinhart) and Jughead (Cole Sprouse) are 23 and 27 in real life, so consider this coupling in their mid-twenties instead. Reinhart and Sprouse are a couple both on-screen and off, so you know the chemistry is real. The hottest sex scene between the two has to be when Betty, the show's resident good girl, role-plays in a black corset and glossy black wig.
Even though most of the season's sexy action revolved around the romance between Vignette (Cara Delevingne) and Philo (Orlando Bloom), another love story also grabbed every viewer's attention: The one between human Imogen Spurnrose (Tamzin Merchant) and faun Agreus (David Gyasi). When the two finally consummated, we couldn't look away, and admit it, neither could you.
Black Mirror tackled the intersection of sexuality and technology in its Season 5 premiere, "Striking Vipers." In the episode, best friends Danny (Anthony Mackie) and Karl (Yayha Abdul-Mateen II) hang out in an immersive VR game and soon find that they really enjoy having sex in the game as their avatars (played by Ludi Lin and Pom Klementieff), which leads to some serious IRL conversations.
'13 Reasons Why'
Again, this takes place during high school, but please remember that both actors are in their mid-twenties. Justin and Jessica have gotten together and broken up over and over again in 13 Reasons Why, but this sex scene, in which Jessica takes control of her sex life, is super spicy.
The sex scenes that Jessica Jones (Krysten Ritter) shares with Luke Cage (Mike Colter) range from empowering (hurrah for women having agency!) to jaw-to-the-floor epic. And honestly it's impossible to pick just one, so we selected a clip with a bunch of
above. That said, filming these scenes is not sexy: "It's so choreographed, there&rsquos really nothing sexy about it," Ritter has said. "If you&rsquore going to have to do a scene like that, it&rsquos not terrible to do it with Mike. He&rsquos alright looking. But he is also just a nice guy and always has your back. I always felt really safe and protected."
If there was a Golden Globe for "Best Sex Scene That Also Involves Blood Sucking"&mdashwhich there should be&mdashTrue Blood would almost certainly win. Every intimate scene in the show is notable, but you can't beat the one where Sookie (Anna Paquin) and Eric (Alexander Skarsgard) have sex in a snowy wonderland while covered in fur.
And FYI, Paquin filmed it while in a relationship with her other True Blood co-star Stephen Moyer, and nah&mdashit wasn't that awkward. "We feel completely comfortable together," she said of the process. "Steve and Alex are buddies. It's nothing like, 'Oh, hi, nice to meet you. Now take off your clothes and go into the fog.' Everyone is respectful of each other's boundaries. They're all very gentlemanly about it."
'American Horror Story'
In this bloodthirsty, but still very sex, sex scene, Lady Gaga herself plays The Countess, who owns the hotel in American Horror Story: Hotel. She and actor Matt Bomer, who plays Donovan, have a foursome with two others&mdashwhich is steamy enough, but things are taken to a whole new level when Gaga and Bomer slit the throats of their partners as part of their orgy.
Bomer said of finding out about the nature of the scene: "You freak out a little bit for sure."
In one of the hottest coming-of-age scenes ever filmed, a young Chuck and Blair get it on in the back of a limo. It's just one of many steamy Gossip Girl scenes for this couple, who were on and off for, oh, pretty much the entire series, but find a way to make it work in the end (but not before having makeup sex, like, a million times).
'Game of Thrones'
We've spent a lot of time thinking about Game of Thrones' sex scenes since the show decided incest is something we should all casually be fine with (which, still no), but this scene between Jon Snow (Kit Harington) and Ygritte (Rose Leslie) is definitely the most gorgeous of the series. And weirdly, despite being a couple in real life, Harington says the scene was heavily staged: "It's also a very clinical procedure, you know? It's very strange," he explained. "I've never done a love scene before, and especially a nude scene, so it's very strange being naked in front of a hundred or so people. So we obviously rehearsed it a few times&mdashfully clothed, mind you!"
In its first episode, Carnival Row set the stage for the absolutely, mind-blowingly weird interspecies fantasy sex that will be its legacy with an aerial scene between Tourmaline, a faerie prostitute (played by Karla Crome) and Jonah, a human (played by Arty Froushan).
"There has to be an element to it where we&rsquore recognizing these are fairies," creator Travis Beacham told The Wrap. "So we have to think about the wings and that sort of thing. In the first episode, you get the whole scene with Jonah and Tourmaline on top of him and lifting him up with her wings."
Watch the video: Stathis Avramidis: αυτοσχέδιο σωσίβιο με τζιν παντελόνι Elatte 2 (January 2022).