History Podcasts

7 June 1944

7 June 1944

7 June 1944

Western Front

British troops capture Bayeux

Elsewhere the beachheads are secured, and the troops from the beaches join up with most of the airborne forces.

Italy

5th Army captures Civitavecchia

8th Army captures Subiaco

Diplomacy

King Leopold of the Belgiums is moved to Germany

Pacific

US troops capture Mokmer airfield, Biak

War at Sea

German submarine U-629 sunk with all hands off Brest

German submarine U-955 sunk with all hands of Cape Ortegal



June 7: ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY

ON THIS DAY IN 1865, a Brooklyn Daily Eagle editorial said, “It is semi-officially announced that President Johnson will, by proclamation, within a day or two, declare the writ of habeas corpus to be restored. Let us pray that this inestimable right may never again be interfered with, for, ‘It is liberty alone which gives the flower of life its lustre and perfume, and we are weeds without it.’”

ON THIS DAY IN 1905, the Eagle reported, “CHRISTIANA, NORWAY — King Oscar’s refusal to sanction the bill passed by the Storthing, providing for a separate consular service for Norway, culminated today in the passage of a resolution by the Storthing declaring the dissolution of the union of Sweden and Norway, and that the King has ceased to act as King of Norway. Although the action was anticipated, it caused considerable excitement in this city, on account of the anxiety as to what action the King would take. The crisis became acute May 26 when his majesty, after three months rest, during which the regency was confided to Crown Prince Gustave, resumed the reins of office. The Council of State immediately submitted to him the consular bill, which he, May 28, refused to sanction, arguing that any action must receive the sanction of mixed council. The Norwegian Council of State thereupon resigned, and the King refused to accept their resignations, as in view of the state of public opinion it was impossible to form a new government. Demonstrations were held throughout the country, endorsing the action of the Council of State. The consular bill, while apparently of little importance, was designed to open the whole question of foreign affairs, which Norway desires to manage independently of Sweden.”

ON THIS DAY IN 1933, the Eagle reported, “Civic workers of Bay Ridge have been aroused by the action of former Congressman Fiorello H. LaGuardia at the mass meeting held Monday night at the Bay Ridge High School under the auspices of the Bay Ridge Property Owners Association. In the opinion of many, the former congressman was allowed to turn the affair into something of a political rally rather than a homeowners mass meeting as planned. Assistant Corporation Counsel Matthew J. Troy of the Bay Ridge Civic Council, an ardent worker on behalf of the small homeowners, was one of the speakers scheduled. The congressman, however, took so much of the time that there was no other speaker than himself and Asnchel E. Barshay, who presided … ‘I was invited,’ declared Troy, ‘to speak at the meeting on subjects concerning the interests of taxpayers and homeowners. I think it was unfair to invite me and others and then not allow us to speak.’ Troy also made it clear that he did not wish to be associated in any way with any political boom that may result in the section for LaGuardia. This seemed likely because of the announcement by officers of the association that the former congressman would be endorsed for mayor at their next meeting.”

ON THIS DAY IN 1944, the Eagle reported, “ALLIED SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, LONDON (U.P.) — Thousands of Allied reinforcements poured into the Normandy peninsula by ship, parachute and glider today to bolster invasion armies which encountered fierce resistance after driving the enemy from the beaches and cutting one of his main lateral supply roads. ‘Satisfactory progress has been made,’ General [Dwight] Eisenhower announced in his third communique of the invasion, but an official spokesman said very heavy fighting was in progress in some sectors. The German air force has rallied from the Allies’ initial stunning blow and has begun to resist the assault under orders to fight to the death if necessary … Front reports confirmed that American, British and Canadian assault troops and tanks — covered and supported by 11,000 planes and 600 warships — had firmly secured their beachheads along a 60-mile stretch of the Normandy coast of northern France between Cherbourg and the mouth of the Seine and were pushing inland … The first real battles of the invasion apparently were raging in the mine-strewn hills and woods behind the coast, with the Germans training artillery, mortars and machine guns on the advancing forces from camouflaged positions.”

Emily Ratajkowski
Ashley Graham/Wikimedia Commons Liam Neeson
Elen Nivrae

NOTABLE PEOPLE BORN ON THIS DAY include Oscar-winning filmmaker James Ivory, who was born in 1928 “It’s Not Unusual” singer Tom Jones, who was born in 1940 “Schindler’s List” star Liam Neeson, who was born in 1952 former Vice President Mike Pence, who was born in 1959 “Jane’s Addiction” guitarist Dave Navarro, who was born in 1967 “Man vs. Wild” star Bear Grylls, who was born in 1974 “Barry” star Bill Hader, who was born in 1978 tennis player Anna Kournikova, who was born in 1981 “Arrested Development” star Michael Cera, who was born in 1988 singer-songwriter Iggy Azalea, who was born in 1990 and model and actress Emily Ratajkowski, who was born in 1991.

Mike Pence
D. Myles Cullen/Wikimedia Commons

BREAKING AWAY: On this day in 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia put a motion before the Second Continental Congress which said: ‘Resolved: That these united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.”

THE ENTERTAINER: Dean Martin was born on this day in 1917. His career was barely moving in 1946 when he met Jerry Lewis. Together they formed an unforgettable comedy act that carried them to dizzying heights of success. When the team broke up, Martin found continued success as a singer and actor. His signature songs include “Everybody Loves Somebody,” “Volare” and “That’s Amore.” He died in 1995.

Special thanks to “Chase’s Calendar of Events” and Brooklyn Public Library.

“I can’t stand an actor or actress who tells me acting is hard work. It’s easy work. Anyone who says it isn’t never had to stand on his feet all day dealing blackjack.”
— entertainer Dean Martin, who was born on this day in 1917


2. Hitler thought he was ready𠄻ut Nazi defenses were focused in the wrong place.

Adolf Hitler arriving at the Berlin Sportpalast, being greeted by Nazi salutes, circa 1940.

ullstein bild/Getty Images

As early as 1942, Adolf Hitler knew that a large-scale Allied invasion of France could turn the tide of the war in Europe. But thanks in large part to a brilliant Allied deception campaign and Hitler’s fanatical grip on Nazi military decisions, the D-Day invasion of June 6, 1944 became precisely the turning point that the Germans most feared. In 1942 Germany began construction on the Atlantic Wall, a 2,400-mile network of bunkers, pillboxes, mines and landing obstacles up and down the French coastline. But without the money and manpower to install a continuous line of defense, the Nazis focused on established ports. 

The top candidate for an Allied invasion was believed to be the French port city of Calais, where the Germans installed three massive gun batteries. Meanwhile, the rest of the French coastline—including the northern beaches of Normandy—was less fiercely defended. What’s more, if Hitler had listened to his Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, matters might have been worse for the Allies landing at Normandy. 


Dead Man’s Corner – Saint Côme-du-Mont – June 7, 1944

After landing on the beaches on D-Day, the Allied troops had to make their way further inland, capturing key locations to allow forces from the various beaches to link up. The road, known as causeway #2, leading inland from Utah beach passed through the villages of Sainte-Marie-du-Mont, Verville and Saint-Côme-du-Mont, leading into the town of Carentan, an important target. The junction of the roads from Sainte-Marie-du-Mont and Saint-Côme-du-Mont would come to be known as Dead Man’s Corner.

The area was defended by the German 6th Fallschirmjäger Regiment, the “Green Devils” of Major von der Heydte (who, coincidentially, was cousin to Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, who tried to kill Hitler with a bomb on July 20, 1944 during Operation Valkyrie). Fate pitted the heavily dug-in Green Devils against their American counterparts, the Screaming Eagles of the 101st Airborne Division.

On June 7, the paratroopers have linked up with a platoon of 6 Shermans and several M5 Stuart light tanks, and were approaching the outskirts of Carentan amidst heavy fighting in the hedgerows. Not far from the town, they came up on a crossroads dominated by a large building, its corner painted red and white: the headquarters and aid station for the 6thFallschirmjäger. The Stuart at the head of the line was knocked out right at the crossroads by a Panzerfaust fired by Bruno Hinz. The shot killed the tank commander 1 st Lt. Walter T. Anderson, whose body was left hanging halfway out of the hatch.

In the first days following D-Day, priority lay with getting the troops and artillery off the Utah Beachhead and moving inland there was no time to deal with the dead and wounded. The Stuart, with Lt. Anderson still hanging out of the turret, was moved to the side of the road to make way for the line of tanks to proceed towards Carentan. With D-Day being imminent, the Germans had removed all road signs in Normandy to make it as hard as possible for the Allied invasion troops to find their bearings. As a consequence, there was no road sign at this particular crossroads pointing the way to Carentan. The Stuart tank became a reference point for the troops moving inland and they soon started to refer to the crossroads as “the corner with the tank with the dead man in it,” which was later shortened to Dead Man’s Corner, the name by which it’s known today.

At least that is the best-known version of the story. Some historians, such as Mark Bando, a specialist on the 101st Airborne, suggests that it wasn’t the commander who died in the tank, but the driver, and that rather than hanging out through the hatch, he remained in his seat, only visible if someone walked up to the vehicle and peered inside from a specific angle. While the opinion might forever remain in contention, it’s a fact that there are no visible corpses on the two contemporary photographs of the tank.

Today the former headquarters is the heart of the D-Day Experience with a C-47 simulator as well as the Dead Man’s Corner Paratrooper Museum, which not only documents the incident, but also displays several unique historical artifacts, including items owned by Dick Winters and other notable members of Easy Company.


1944 – Michelle Phillips (Holly Michelle Gilliam) of the Mamas and the Papas is born in Long Beach, Calif. on This Day in Rock! The group’s biggest hit is the million-selling No. 1 song “Monday, Monday.” Phillips later acts in the TV show “Knots Landing.”

1944 – Roger Ball, sax, Average White Band is born on This Day in Rock! They had the 1975 US No.1 and UK No.6 single “Pick Up The Pieces”.

Help Stu in his battle with Cancer!


June 7, 1944 – Anonymous Boy

The Allied invasion of German-occupied Western Europe began with the Normandy landings on June 6th, 1944. This has come to be known in the history of World War II as D-Day. Within 24 hours, word of these momentous events had spread to the Lodz Ghetto.

RESISTING DESTRUCTION

A brief diary entry by an anonymous boy, dated June 7th, dealt with this most significant development. He wrote, “It is true, the fact [of the Allied landing] has been accomplished, but shall we survive?”

This response perfectly expressed the situation for many Jewish people still alive in the spring of 1944. Help was on the way and Germany’s defeat was virtually assured, but for the author and for many others it would be too late. A few days earlier, he wrote about his desperate struggle to survive starvation and the other deprivations of ghetto life. The success of the Allied landings could not change these conditions overnight.

Ghetto residents did everything possible to resist their destruction. They fought to preserve their lives as well as their dignity under conditions that were designed to bring about their total annihilation. In spite of their best efforts to maintain inner strength, true deliverance would have to come from without. The Allies would eventually prevail bringing Nazi Germany to defeat, but sadly none of the ghettos would make it to the end.

Excerpts from this diary, along with many others, are published in an anthology entitled, Salvaged Pages: Young Writers’ Diaries of the Holocaust , Collected and edited by Alexandra Zapruder.


Invasion of Saipan, 15 June 1944

From February through June 1944, Saipan was bombarded from the air and sea to prepare for the invasion. At 0700 on 15 June, 8,000 U.S. Marines moved ashore from 34 LSTs, launching hundreds of Army and USMC amphibian tractors that crawled to the beach under protective fire, establishing themselves on the southwest coast of Saipan. The invasion was commanded by Lt. Gen. Holland M. Smith, USMC, Commanding General, V Amphibious Corps. A beachhead was established that held against Japanese counterattacks. The next day U.S. Army units joined the Marines on Saipan and a drive began to claim the island. On 19 June, Gen. Smith reoriented his corps to attack in two directions, with two Marine divisions and one Army regiment forming a front across the island which would drive north, while two Army regiments cleaned up the Nafutan Peninsula at the island's southern end.


Army reinforcements disembarking from LST's form a graceful curve as they proceed across coral reef toward the Saipan beach. June 1944.

At the same time on 19-20 June, the American victory in the Battle of the Philippine Sea ensured that the Japanese on Saipan would receive no help by air or sea -- they knew they would have to fight to the end unassisted.

Dissatisfied with progress, on 25 June, Gen. Smith replaced the Army commander and ordered a new drive on both fronts. By the 27th, the Nafutan Peninsula was taken in the south and the drive north captured hard-won locations named "Death Valley", "Hell's Pocket" and "Purple Heart Ridge". The drive continued toward the narrow north end of the island, finally pushing the Japanese commander, General Saito, and his troops to the last cliffs with their backs against the sea. On the morning of 7 July Gen. Saito ordered a final charge against the Americans by all Japanese who could walk. As the Army and Marines repulsed the attack, Saito committed suicide. Two more days of cave demolition annihilated the enemy and brought American units to Marpi Point, ending the battle for Saipan. The few remaining Japanese swam off the island and, with fanatical determination not to surrender, committed suicide.


Marines use explosives on Japanese position and stand ready to fire on anyone emerging. Saipan, June-July 1944.

Saipan taught tactical lessons that were new to the Central Pacific war. The battle had been one of movement over a sizable area, and it was further complicated by the numerous natural and man-made caves used as defensive systems by the Japanese, with sophisticated camouflage and steel door protection. The flame-throwing tanks proved to be the weapon that was effective against these caves, but their range had to be improved, as was done for use later in the war.


Originally Posted by Jim Christie

J.Holland
Thanks for posting the video.
There were some other posts about the Queen Mary on this forum some time ago that some people may not have seen .
I posted some links to pictures from the booklet the story of R.M.S. Queen Mary in post 29 of this thread ,
Casting and Machining Large Propellors, 1930's
that still seem to work in spite of them being hosted where they are I was still able to connect to them .
I searched to see if there was one that was readable on line at the Hathi Trust site bur none showed up in the early results of the search
I found this is link to one that is for sale on line
ORIGINAL TURNBULL, RARE THE STORY OF R.M.S.QUEEN MARY-DESCRIPTIVE SOUVENIR -TBLO | eBay
Using this search.
The Story of R.M.S. Queen Mary - Google Search

If you use the forum search to look for them , there are some other posts about the Queen Mary in other threads on this forum including this thread by Asquith .
Made on Clydeside
Regards,
Jim

Jackson is on the LEFT coast, same as the Mary. Not a terribly costly visit, time or treasure, to LAX -> Lang Bitch. Or by road or rail.

If he hasn't stayed over, he really should do, what with the family connection. The immersion in her very art deco era is all the more an astonishing step back in time because it is "real", and ever present ,every nook and corner, fine dining, bar, "broadway" of stores, lifts- staircases - all of it. This is a slice of so very many details of the life and its stratifications as it was in her age.

Mary is not afloat, moat around her to make it appear so, sole remaining propellor in a water-filled "well" with viewing window notwithstanding. She has been truly "unsinkable" since shorty after being berthed where she decayeth. Eat yer hearts out Olympic, Bittanic, Titanic, but she is a "building", not a vessel, and long-since.

They screwed the pooch when they set RMS Queen Mary into the mud with a 3 degree list, and worsened it off too stingey a budget down in her bottom spaces when they had to pull the engines to get the US Coast Guard to approve her as no longer a "ship" nor afloat, hence no longer subject to the CG inspections required of that race and tribe.

Ballasted with "many" truckloads of DIRT - hygroscopic, y'see - when the "proven" material for preserving Iron is concrete, and over surface prep, even so.

Impressive in her great mass, Iron is still Iron, some no longer new even when she was launched. She "should not" have lasted as long as she has, mud as it is. She will eventually be no longer sustainable. Perhaps "too soon".


Watch the video: June 1944 - The Normandy Landings in color and HD (January 2022).